Education in England



Education inwards England is overseen past the United Kingdom's Department for Education. Local authorities authorities are responsible for implementing policy for populace teaching together with state-funded schools at a local level.

England likewise has a tradition of independent schools (some of which telephone shout upward themselves "public schools") together with habitation education; legally, parents may select to educate their children past whatsoever permitted means. State-funded schools are categorized equally selective grammer schools or comprehensive schools. Comprehensive schools are farther subdivided past funding into gratis schools, other academies, whatsoever remaining Local Authority schools together with others. More liberty is given to gratis schools, including virtually religious schools, together with other academies inwards price of curriculum. All are dependent field to assessment together with inspection past the Office for Standards inwards Education, Children's Services together with Skills, or Ofsted.

The state-funded teaching arrangement is divided into stages based upon age:[10] Early Years Foundation Stage (ages 3–5); primary teaching (ages five to 11), subdivided into Key Stage i (KS1) Infants (ages five to 7) together with Key Stage 2 (KS2) Juniors (ages vii to 11); secondary teaching (ages eleven to 16), subdivided into Key Stage 3 (KS3; ages eleven to 14) together with Key Stage four (KS4; ages fourteen to 16); Key Stage five is post-16 teaching (ages sixteen to 18); together with third teaching (for ages 18+).[11]

At historic period sixteen the students typically accept exams for the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) or other Level 1/2 qualifications. While teaching is compulsory until 18, schooling is compulsory to 16, hence post-16 teaching tin accept a issue of forms, together with may live academic or vocational. This tin involve continued schooling, known equally "sixth form" or "college", leading (typically afterwards 2 years of farther study) to A-level qualifications (similar to a high schoolhouse diploma inwards another countries), or a issue of option Level 3 qualifications such equally Business together with Technology Education Council (BTEC), the International Baccalaureate (IB), Cambridge Pre-U, WJEC or Eduqas. It tin likewise include work-based apprenticeships or traineeships, or volunteering.[12][13]

Higher teaching oft begins alongside a three-year bachelor's degree. Postgraduate degrees include master's degrees, either taught or past research, together with doctoral plane enquiry degrees that ordinarily accept at to the lowest degree 3 years. Tuition fees for commencement degrees inwards populace universities are upward to £9,250 per academic yr for English, Welsh together with EU students.[14]

The Regulated Qualifications Framework (RQF) covers national schoolhouse examinations together with vocational teaching qualifications. It is referenced to the European Qualifications Framework, together with hence to other qualifications frameworks across the European Union.[15] The Framework for Higher Education Qualifications (FHEQ), which is tied to the RQF, covers degrees together with other qualifications from degree-awarding bodies.[16] This is referenced to the Qualifications Framework of the European Higher Education Area developed nether the Bologna process.[17]




History of English language education
Main article: History of instruction inward England

Until 1870 all schools were charitable or individual institutions, but inward that twelvemonth the Elementary Education Act 1870 permitted local governments to complement the existing simple schools inward gild to fill upward whatever gaps. The Education Act 1902 allowed local authorities to make secondary schools. The Education Act 1918 abolished fees for simple schools.

Women's colleges were established inward the 19th century to pass on women access to academy education, the firstly existence Bedford College, London (1849), Girton College, Cambridge (1869) together with Newnham College, Cambridge (1871). The University of London established particular examinations for women inward 1868 together with opened its degrees to women inward 1878.[18] University College Bristol (now the University of Bristol) became the firstly mixed higher instruction establishment on its foundation inward 1876,[19] followed inward 1878 past University College London (which had held around mixed classes from 1871).[20]
Legally compulsory education

Full-time instruction is compulsory for all children aged five to 18, either at schoolhouse or otherwise, amongst a kid outset primary instruction during the schoolhouse twelvemonth they plough 5.[21] Children betwixt the ages of three together with five are entitled to 600 hours per twelvemonth of optional, state-funded, pre-school education. This tin live provided inward "playgroups", nurseries, community childcare centres or plant nursery classes inward schools.

The historic period at which a pupil may pick out to cease instruction is commonly known equally the "leaving age" for compulsory education. This historic period was raised to eighteen past the Education together with Skills Act 2008; the alter took issue inward 2013 for 16-year-olds together with 2015 for 17-year-olds. From this time, the schoolhouse leaving historic period (which remains 16) together with the instruction leaving historic period (which is forthwith 18) cause got been separated.[22] State-provided schooling together with sixth-form instruction are paid for past taxes.

All children inward England must currently hence have an effective instruction (at schoolhouse or otherwise) from the firstly "prescribed day", which falls on or later their 5th birthday until their 18th birthday, together with must stay inward schoolhouse until the concluding Fri inward June of the schoolhouse twelvemonth inward which they plough 16.[13][23][24] The instruction leaving historic period was raised inward 2013 to the twelvemonth inward which they plough 17 together with inward 2015 to their 18th birthday for those born on or later i September 1997.[22] The prescribed days are 31 August 31 Dec together with 31 March.[25][26] The schoolhouse twelvemonth begins on i September (or i August if a term starts inward August).[27]


The Compulsory stages of instruction are broken into a Foundation Stage (actually roofing the concluding office of optional together with firstly office of compulsory education), iv Key Stages, together with post-16 instruction (sometimes unofficially termed Key Stage Five, which takes a multifariousness of forms including 6th Form (covering the concluding two years of Secondary Education inward schools).
Schools together with stages

Below is a tabular array summarising the virtually mutual names of the diverse schools together with stages. Grammar schools are commonly state-funded but selective schools, admitting children from xi years former onward, but at that place are exceptions.
 
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